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The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (Daca) guards 800,000 young people, mostly from Latin America, against deportation, proving work and study permits.
President Trump has called for Congress to find a legislative solution to protect those brought into the US as children, White House sources told Press Association.
He wrote in a tweet earlier today: “Congress, get ready to do your job – DACA!”
“Make no mistake, we are going to put the interest of AMERICAN CITIZENS FIRST!” he added in a second tweet. “The forgotten men & women will no longer be forgotten.”
Attorney general Jeff Sessions will speak to reporters on the scrapping of the scheme later today.
Critics have hit back at the announcement.
Florida representative Ileana Ros-Lehtinen tweeted: “After teasing #Dreamers for months with talk of his ‘great heart,’ @POTUS slams door on them. Some ‘heart’..”
Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg and Apple CEO Tim both declared their support for the so-called “Dreamers” on social media.
Mr Zuckerberg, who changed his Facebook status to “I support DACA,” wrote: “I stand with the Dreamers – the young people brought to our country by their parents.
“Many have lived here as long as they can remember. Dreamers have a special love for this country because they can’t take living here for granted.
“We need a government that protects Dreamers…These young people represent the future of our country and our economy. They are our friends and family, students and young leaders in our community. I hope you will join us in speaking out.”
Mr Cook also tweeted support for the programme introduced in 2012 by Barack Obama, writing: “250 of my Apple coworkers are #Dreamers. I stand with them. They deserve our respect as equals and a solution rooted in American values.”
Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos and Microsoft president Brad Smith along with Mr Zuckerberg and Mr Cook joined 350 tech giants who signed an open letter to the president and congressional leaders supporting DACA.
Celebrities including Rob Reiner and Lena Dunham also criticised the plans.
The Obama administration created the Daca programme in 2012 as a stopgap as it pushed unsuccessfully for a broader immigration overhaul in Congress.
Many Republicans say they opposed the programme on the grounds that it was executive overreach.
House speaker Paul Ryan and a handful of other Republicans urged Mr Trump last week to hold off on scrapping Daca to give lawmakers time to come up with a legislative fix.
But Congress has repeatedly tried – and failed – to come together on immigration overhaul legislation, and it remains uncertain whether the House would succeed in passing anything on the divisive topic.
Additional reporting by Press Association.
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