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The White House said the move was in response to the Kremlin’s “unwarranted and detrimental” decision to force the US to cut its diplomatic staff in Russia.
President Donald Trump gave Russia a mere 48 hours to close its San Francisco consulate, along with smaller Russian posts in Washington and New York.
“The United States is prepared to take further action as necessary and as warranted,” said State Department spokeswoman Heather Nauert. But she said the US hoped both countries could now move towards “improved relations” and “increased cooperation”.
Russia said it regretted the order and pointed the finger at the US for starting the “escalation of tensions” between the nuclear-armed powers. The Russian Foreign Ministry said Moscow was studying the decision to determine its response.
US ties to Russia have soured in recent years over deep disagreements about Ukraine, Syria and Russian hacking.
The feud has only worsened this year, even as investigators continue probing whether Mr Trump’s campaign colluded with Moscow’s efforts to help him get elected.
In addition to its consulate, the Russians must close an official residence in San Francisco by Saturday.
Though Russia can keep its New York consulate and Washington embassy, Russian trade missions housed in satellite offices in those two cities must shut down, said a senior Trump administration official.
The US is not expelling any Russian officials, so those who work at the closed offices can be reassigned elsewhere in the US, the official said.
One of the buildings is believed to be leased, but Russia will maintain ownership over the others, the official said, adding that it would be up to Moscow to determine whether to sell them or otherwise dispose of them.
The forced closures were the latest in an intensifying exchange of diplomatic broadsides with origins in Washington’s opposition to Russia’s actions in Ukraine and its interference in the 2016 US presidential election.
In December, former president Barack Obama kicked out dozens of Russian officials in the US, closed Russian recreational compounds in New York and Maryland, and sanctioned Russian individuals and entities.
Russian President Vladimir Putin held off on any retaliation, and the next month, Mr Trump took office, having campaigned on hopes of improving US-Russia ties.
But earlier this month, Mr Trump begrudgingly signed into law stepped-up sanctions on Russia that Congress passed in an attempt to prevent Mr Trump from easing up on Moscow. The Kremlin quickly retaliated, announcing the US must cut its own embassy and consulate staff down to 455.
Although Russia said 755 personnel would have to go to reach that number, Washington never confirmed how many diplomatic staff it had in Russia at the time. As of Thursday, the US has complied with the order to reduce to 455, officials said.
That reduction also led the US to temporarily suspend processing non-immigrant visas for Russians seeking to visit the US.
Visa processing will resume soon, but at a “much-reduced rate” owing to fewer staff to process the visas, the official said.
Earlier, the US had said it would start processing visas only at the embassy in Moscow, meaning Russians could no longer apply for visas at the US consulates in St Petersburg, Yekaterinburg and Vladivostok.
Despite the exchange of penalties, there have been narrow signs of cooperation between the two countries that has transcended the worsening ties. In July, Mr Trump and Mr Putin signed off on a three-way deal with Jordan for a ceasefire in southwest Syria that the US says has largely held intact.
Secretary of state Rex Tillerson conveyed the decision to close the Russian posts to Russian foreign minister Sergey Lavrov in a phone call in which he also told Mr Lavrov that the US had complied with Moscow’s order to cut its diplomatic staff. Lower-level officials also spoke to their Russian counterparts in the US about the details of the new US order.
Given the reciprocal nature of the escalating tensions over the past year, it was likely the Kremlin would feel compelled to respond by taking further action against Washington. Nevertheless, the United States argued that the score has been evened.
US officials pointed out that Russia, when it ordered the cut in US diplomats, had argued it was merely bringing the size of the two countries’ diplomatic presences into “parity”. Both countries now maintain three consulates on each other’s territory and ostensibly have similar numbers of diplomats posted, though such numbers are difficult to independently verify.
“The United States hopes that, having moved toward the Russian Federation’s desire for parity, we can avoid further retaliatory actions by both sides,” Ms Nauert said.
Reporting by the Press Association
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